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Current Microwave Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2213-3356
ISSN (Online): 2213-3364

Review Article

A Review of Ultrasonic Wave Propagation through Liquid Solutions

Author(s): Rajalaxmi Panda, Subhraraj Panda* and Susanta Kumar Biswal

Volume 11, Issue 1, 2024

Published on: 15 March, 2024

Page: [2 - 15] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/0122133356288437240131061541

Abstract

Understanding the molecular interactions in liquids or liquid mixtures of binary or ternary liquids is crucial for various applications. Numerous methods and tools exist to elucidate how atoms interact in such mixtures. This review examines multiple research papers investigating molecular interactions, focusing on the acoustic/ultrasonic technique. This technique employs ultrasonic waves to probe molecular interactions. Researchers utilized an ultrasonic interferometer to measure ultrasonic wave velocity, liquid density can be determined by using a specific gravity bottle, and employed the Ostwald viscometer for viscosity measurements. Researchers derived several acoustic and thermodynamic parameters by evaluating ultrasonic wave velocity, liquid density, and viscosity. This comprehensive study dramatically contributes to understanding the molecular interactions within specific samples, with detailed explanations provided for the observed parameters. Ultrasonic wave propagation influences the medium's physical characteristics; it includes knowledge of the physics of liquid and solution. How frequency and temperature affect thermo acoustical characteristics has been investigated. The nature of forces between molecules, including hydrogen bonds, charge transfer complexes, hydrogen bond breaking, and complexes, has been deduced from the investigations above.

Keywords: Ultrasonic speed, density, viscosity, inter-molecular interaction, and ultrasonic interferometer, transducer.

Graphical Abstract
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