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Current Diabetes Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3998
ISSN (Online): 1875-6417

Review Article

Glp-1 Mimetics and Autophagy in Diabetic Milieu: State-of-the-Art

Author(s): Habib Yaribeygi*, Mina Maleki, Raul D. Santos, Tannaz Jamialahmadi and Amirhossein Sahebkar*

Volume 20, Issue 10, 2024

Published on: 25 January, 2024

Article ID: e250124226181 Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/0115733998276570231222105959

Price: $65

Abstract

The diabetic milieu is associated with cascades of pathophysiological pathways that culminate in diabetic complications and tissue injuries. Autophagy is an essential process mandatory for cell survival and tissue homeostasis by degrading damaged organelles and removing injured cells. However, it may turn into a pathological process in an aberrant mode in the diabetic and/or malignant milieu. Moreover, autophagy could serve as a promising therapeutic target for many complications related to tissue injury. Glp-1 mimetics are a class of newer antidiabetic agents that reduce blood glucose through several pathways. However, some evidence suggests that they can provide extra glycemic benefits by modulating autophagy, although there is no complete understanding of this mechanism and its underlying molecular pathways. Hence, in the current review, we aimed to provide new insights on the possible impact of Glp-1 mimetics on autophagy and consequent benefits as well as mediating pathways.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Glucagon-like peptide-1, Glp-1 mimetic, autophagy, sitagliptin, molecular pathways.

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