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Current Cancer Drug Targets

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Review Article

Treatment Advances in Lung Cancer with Leptomeningeal Metastasis

Author(s): Yuan Meng, Meiying Zhu, Jie Yang, Xuerui Wang, Yangyueying Liang, Minghui Yu, Longhui Li and Fanming Kong*

Volume 24, Issue 9, 2024

Published on: 24 January, 2024

Page: [910 - 919] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/0115680096276133231201061114

Price: $65

Abstract

Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is a serious and often fatal complication in patients with advanced lung cancer, resulting in significant neurological deficits, decreased quality of life, and a poor prognosis.

This article summarizes current research advances in treating lung cancer with meningeal metastases, discusses clinical challenges, and explores treatment strategies.

Through an extensive review of relevant clinical trial reports and screening of recent conference abstracts, we collected clinical data on treating patients with lung cancer with meningeal metastases to provide an overview of the current research progress.

Exciting progress has been made by focusing on specific mutations within lung cancer, including the use of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors or inhibitors for anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene rearrangement, such as osimertinib, alectinib, and lorlatinib. These targeted therapies have shown impressive results in penetrating the central nervous system (CNS). Regarding whole-brain radiotherapy, there is currently some controversy among investigators regarding its effect on survival. Additionally, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have demonstrated reliable clinical benefits due to their ability to retain anticancer activity in CNS metastases. Moreover, combination therapy shows promise in providing further treatment possibilities.

Considerable progress has been made in the clinical research of lung cancer with LM. However, the sample size of prospective clinical trials investigating LM for lung cancer is still limited, with most reports being retrospective. Developing more effective management protocols for metastatic LM in lung cancer remains an ongoing challenge for the future.

Keywords: Leptomeningeal metastasis, lung cancer, treatment advances, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiotherapy.

Graphical Abstract
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