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Current Reviews in Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2772-4328
ISSN (Online): 2772-4336

Review Article

The Application of Kinesin Inhibitors in Medical Issues

Author(s): Mojgan Nejabat, Farzin Hadizadeh and Amirhossein Sahebkar*

Volume 19, Issue 4, 2024

Published on: 23 January, 2024

Page: [370 - 378] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/0127724328277623231204064614

Price: $65

Abstract

Kinesins are a group of motor proteins in charge of several crucial functions in the cell. These proteins often bind to microtubules and perform their functions using the energy produced by ATP hydrolysis. One function of mitotic kinesin, a subclass of kinesin that is expressed during cell division at the mitotic phase, is to create the mitotic spindle. Uncontrolled cell growth is one trait of cancerous cells. Traditional anticancer medications still used in clinics include taxanes (paclitaxel) and vinca alkaloids (vincristine, vinblastine), which interfere with microtubule dynamics. However, because non-dividing cells like post-mitotic neurons contain microtubules, unwanted side effects like peripheral neuropathy are frequently found in patients taking these medications. More than ten members of the mitotic kinesin family play distinct or complementary roles during mitosis. The mitotic kinesin family's KSP, or Eg5, is regarded as its most dramatic target protein. The current work systematically reviews the use of kinesin inhibitors in the medical field. The challenges of KSP and the practical solutions are also examined, and the outcomes of the previous works are reported. The significant gaps and shortcomings of the related works are also highlighted, which can be an onset topic for future works.

Keywords: Kinesin inhibitors, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), mitotic kinesin, kinesin spindle protein (KSP), microtubule dynamics, cancer treatment.

Graphical Abstract
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