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Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology


ISSN (Print): 2211-7385
ISSN (Online): 2211-7393

Review Article

Biological Activities and Nanoparticle Synthesis of Dioscorea bulbifera and its Mechanistic Action - An Extensive Review

Author(s): Sangilimuthu Alagar Yadav*, Shiek Hasan, Suvathika Gnanaselvan, Santhoshraman Baskaran and Jayapragash Danaraj

Volume 12, Issue 5, 2024

Published on: 23 January, 2024

Page: [379 - 390] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/0122117385284106240110065809

Price: $65


Background: Dioscorea bulbifera is commonly known as air potato present in the tropical and subtropical regions. It is a perennial climber traditionally used for various therapeutic purposes by traditional healers. This review explores various medicinal uses of D. bulbifera and its active ingredients, as well as describes its nanoparticle synthesis for medical applications.

Methods: The Google Scholar search engine was used to conduct this comprehensive review along with the databases of the following publishers: Elsevier, Springer, Taylor and Francis, Bentham, and PubMed.

Discussion: D. bulbifera contains several bioactive compounds that are responsible for its pharmacological properties, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anticancer, and antidiabetic properties. It is also used as a nutritive functional food. D. bulbifera-mediated nanoparticle synthesis has been established by the scientific communities for various medicinal applications.

Conclusion: D. bulbifera contains numerous active ingredients, including diosbulbins, bafoudiosbulbin, β-sitosterol, diosgenin, dioscin, pennogenin, myricetin, quercetin, and stigmasterols with numerous biological activities. In addition, it has a vital role in synthesizing nanoparticles with good pharmacological applications, especially in drug delivery systems. However, its potential characteristic features and functional properties of the active molecules present in this tuber need to be further explored in clinical trials. We suggest that using this edible tuber, we may formulate the valueadded food with good medicinal applications.

Keywords: Dioscorea bulbifera, biological activities, bioactive compounds, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, good medicinal applications.

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