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International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control


ISSN (Print): 2210-3279
ISSN (Online): 2210-3287

Research Article

An Approach for Evaluation and Recognition of Facial Emotions Using EMG Signal

Author(s): Sourav Maity and Karan Veer*

Volume 14, Issue 2, 2024

Published on: 05 January, 2024

Page: [113 - 121] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/0122103279260571231213053403

Price: $65


Background: Facial electromyography (fEMG) records muscular activities from the facial muscles, which provides details regarding facial muscle stimulation patterns in experimentation.

Objectives: The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is mostly implemented, whereas the actual or unprocessed initial fEMG data are rendered into low-spatial units with minimizing the level of data repetition.

Methods: Facial EMG signal was acquired by using the instrument BIOPAC MP150. Four electrodes were fixed on the face of each participant for capturing the four different emotions like happiness, anger, sad and fear. Two electrodes were placed on arm for grounding purposes.

Results: The aim of this research paper is to propagate the functioning of PCA in synchrony with the subjective fEMG analysis and to give a thorough apprehension of the advanced PCA in the areas of machine learning. It describes its arithmetical characteristics, while PCA is estimated by implying the covariance matrix. Datasets which are larger in size are progressively universal and their interpretation often becomes complex or tough. So, it is necessary to minimize the number of variables and elucidate linear compositions of the data to explicate it on a huge number of variables with a relevant approach. Therefore, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is applied because it is an unsupervised training method that utilizes advanced statistical concept to minimize the dimensionality of huge datasets.

Conclusion: This work is furthermore inclined toward the analysis of fEMG signals acquired for four different facial expressions using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to provide clarity on the variation of features.

Keywords: Facial EMG, features, principal component analysis, ANOVA, analysis, data recording.

Graphical Abstract
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