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Current Molecular Medicine


ISSN (Print): 1566-5240
ISSN (Online): 1875-5666

Research Article

Untargeted Metabolomic Analyses of Body Fluids to Differentiate TBI DOC and NTBI DOC

Author(s): Xiaoping Xiao, Long Xu, Hezhen Lu, Xiaoyan Liu, Haidan Sun, Zhengguang Guo, Jiameng Sun, Feng Qi, Xia Niu, Aiwei Wang, Qianqian Ge, Yutong Zhuang, Xiaoli Geng, Xueling Chen, Ying Lan*, Jianghong He* and Wei Sun*

Volume 24, Issue 9, 2024

Published on: 04 October, 2023

Page: [1183 - 1193] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/0115665240249826230928104512

Price: $65


Objective: To investigate the metabolomic differences between Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disorder of consciousness (DOC) patients and non-traumatic brain injury (NTBI) DOC patients by using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), serum and urine samples beneficial to understand the pathological mechanism differences between the two etiologies, provide potential clues for the subsequent treatment and prognosis, and investigate the metabolome differences and similarities between TBI and NTBI among three different body fluids.

Methods: In total, 24 TBI DOC subjects and 29 NTBI DOC subjects were enrolled. CSF, serum and urine samples from TBI DOC and NTBI DOC patients were collected and analyzed by performing UPLC-MS. The statistical methods and pathway analyses were applied to discover potential biomarkers and altered metabolic functions.

Results: When comparing TBI DOC and NTBI DOC, 36, 31 and 52 differential metabolites were obtained in CSF, serum and urine, respectively. The functional analysis of differential metabolites obtained in CSF, serum and urine were all related to amino acid metabolism. Except for amino acid metabolism, metabolic biomarkers in CSF, serum and urine mainly focus on central function, cognitive function, necrosis and apoptosis and neurological function, respectively. In CSF, the highest AUC was 0.864 (Isoproturon) and 0.816 (Proline betaine). Then, the AUC of NFurfurylformamide in serum was 0.941, while the AUC of Dihydronepetalactone and Doxepin N-oxide glucuronide were 1.0 in urine.

Conclusion: CSF, serum and urine metabolomic analyses could differentiate TBI DOC from NTBI DOC and functional analyses showed a metabolic change difference between TBI DOC and NTBI DOC.

Keywords: DOC, TBI, NTBI, metabolomic, biomarker, necrosis.

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