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Current Molecular Medicine


ISSN (Print): 1566-5240
ISSN (Online): 1875-5666

Research Article

Expression of Transcriptional Factors of T Helper Differentiation (T-bet, GATA-3, RORγt, and FOXP3), MIF Receptors (CD44, CD74, CXCR2, 4, 7), and Th1, Th2, and Th17 Cytokines in PBMC from Control Subjects and Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Author(s): Darbi Alfredo Zerpa-Hernández, Mariel García-Chagollán, Gabriela Athziri Sánchez-Zuno, Samuel García-Arellano, Jorge Hernández-Bello, Luis Alexis Hernández-Palma, Sergio Cerpa-Cruz, Gloria Martinez-Bonilla, Ferdinando Nicoletti and José Francisco Muñoz-Valle*

Volume 24, Issue 9, 2024

Published on: 03 October, 2023

Page: [1169 - 1182] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/0115665240260976230925095330

Price: $65


Introduction: The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a pivotal role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous research indicates that MIF can trigger the expression of cytokine profiles associated with Th1, Th2, and Th17 responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from both RA patients and control subjects (CS). Despite these, few studies to date precisely elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved. The present study aimed to associate the expression of Th differentiation TF (T-bet, GATA-3, RORγt) with MIF receptors (CD44, CD74, CXCR2, 4, 7) and Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines in PBMC from CS and RA patients.

Method: PBMC from both groups was cultured for 24 h. The expression of the canonical and non-canonical MIF receptors and the TF was determined by flow cytometry. Additionally, multiplex bead analysis was employed to assess the levels of cytokines in the culture supernatants. The findings revealed that T CD4+ lymphocytes in the CS group exhibited a heightened expression of CD74 (p<0.05), whereas RA patients displayed an elevated expression of CXCR7 (p<0.001). Furthermore, T CD4+ lymphocytes from RA patients exhibited greater expression of GATA3, RORγt, and FOXP3, along with elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines compared to the CS group (p<0.001).

Result: These results indicate that CD74 is more prominently expressed in PBMC from the CS group, whereas CXCR7 is more expressed in PBMC from RA patients.

Conclusion: We also noted an increased secretion of Th17 profile cytokines in RA, potentially influenced by the activation of FOXP3 via CD74 and RORγt through CXCR7 using the endocytic pathway.

Keywords: Rheumatoid arthritis, MIF, CD74, CD44, CXCR, transcription factor, cytokines.

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