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Current Traditional Medicine

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2215-0838
ISSN (Online): 2215-0846

Review Article

Current Regulations of Herbal Medicines in the US and EU

Author(s): P. Dheeraj Krishna*, M.P. Gowrav, Mahendran Bhaskaran and Kruthika M.R.

Volume 10, Issue 6, 2024

Published on: 04 October, 2023

Article ID: e220823220172 Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/2215083810666230822113615

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: If a herbal pharmaceutical is intended to impact the function of the human organism, it is categorized as a medication or a nutritional supplement. According to the FDA, the medicine must be offered under a New Drug Application (NDA). The European Medicine Agency (EMA) has established two methods for registering herbal medicals: Under Directive 2001/83/EC, a full marketing authorization (MA) is obtained by submitting a dossier containing data about the quality, safeness, and effectiveness of pharmaceuticals, which include physical and chemical, biological, or microbiological tests, as well as pharmacological, toxicological, and clinical trial documentation; There is a simplest technique under Directive 2004/24/EC for classical herbals that do not needs professional monitoring and where the indication of long history use of pharmaceuticals exists and appropriate relevant journals to illustrate a very well medicinal usage is not provided.

Aim: A study about the regulatory status of herbal drugs/products was conducted in America and Europe to understand the various classes under which the sale of herbal goods is authorized and their premarketing criteria.

Materials and Methods: This study has been performed by gathering information from the official websites of the USFDA and EMA.

Results: A thorough evaluation was carried out in order to identify the impediments to the harmonization of herbal goods.

Conclusion: Aside from the challenges of herb supply and conservation, it has been shown that there is a lack of uniformity in the regulatory standards of herbal supplements globally. These are impeding international commerce and the expansion of the herbal goods market. USFDA classifies botanical items as pharmaceutical, nutrition, or dietary supplement based on the indications or ultimate use.

Keywords: Harmonization, herbal drugs, herbal products, botanical products, traditional medicine, USFDA, and EU directives.

Graphical Abstract
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